Monday, 6 April 2015

Delicate derbids

Almost every trip into the bush reveals a derbid or two. Pandanus palms seem to harbour several species depending on locality and possible the specific plant host.

Recent wanderings in the Emerald Falls Road, near Mareeba, Queensland uncovered a rather colourful species that has a historic taxonomic history.


The area had undergone the normal annual burning regime (for reasons known only to the local council!) and most of the small shrubs have been replaced by introduced grasses and weeds. A small amount of leaf litter has remained in pockets and this has saved some of the fauna. 

The pandanus host of the derbids was burnt but not very thoroughly. As a result these insects have survived but other pandanus insects such as earwigs, cockroaches and katydids were not to be seen.

Murray Fletcher has identified the derbids as Lydda elongata (Fabricius)

He sends the following note:
"Known host: Pandanus (Pandanaceae) (Kirkaldy 1906)
The original material of this species was collected on the voyage of the Endeavour along the eastern coastline of Australia in 1770. In the original description of the species the locality was simply given as "New Holland" and this (or variations) remained the only record listed by a number of authors between 1781 and 1832 (see Metcalf 1945). The first record of the species from New South Wales was by Schaum (1850) and Walker (1851) but, at that time, "New South Wales" could have meant any part of the east coast of mainland Australia. It wasn't until Kirkaldy (1906) that a more specific locality was provided and this was Cairns in N. Qld. It is quite possible that this species has never been found in NSW as it is defined today, with the original material coming from the Endeavour River near Cooktown in N, Qld. [update: 20.i.2011]"

Further information can be found at:
NSW Agricultural Scientific Collections Unit website at http://www1.dpi.nsw.gov.au/keys/leafhop/index.html

Fletcher, M.J. (2009 and updates). Identification keys and checklists for the leafhoppers, planthoppers and their relatives occurring in Australia and neighbouring areas (Hemiptera: Auchenorrhyncha).http://www1.dpi.nsw.gov.au/keys/leafhop/index.html


This pair was apparently courting. Note the wings of other individuals on the other side of the pandanus leaf.

Thanks to Murray Fletcher for the facts concerning this little insect.

3 comments:

homesteader said...

Gotta love the courtship...all species know what it leads to...g

Mosura said...

Interesting. Hard to judge the size. Fairly small I suspect. Not a family I see in this part of New Holland.

Andy MacDougall said...

I have seen this one down here in the Northern Beaches, but also another type at Lake Eacham/Barrine

Can you provide the ID ? I'd be most grateful as I have not been able to find pics of any other than L.elongata

Link to pics

https://flic.kr/p/b9unzi

https://flic.kr/p/b9ujDp

https://flic.kr/p/b9ukbi

and the L.elongata

https://flic.kr/p/53QZdf

perhaps another type ?

https://flic.kr/p/iZQopi

Thanks

Andy